Tiny PMICs Offer Efficient High Voltage Automotive Solutions

Maxim Integrated Products has announced power-management ICs (PMICs) that the company claims offers the industry’s smallest solution size and highest efficiency. MAX20004/6/8, MAX20034 and MAX20098 offer low quiescent current, improved noise performance and electromagnetic interference (EMI) mitigation for digital instrument clusters and radio head units.
Maxim’s array of automotive-grade ICs provides many options to manage the DC power as automotive OEMs transition from processors that consume 20 W of power to artificial intelligence platforms that consume as much as 500 W. With a package size of 3.5 mm x 3.75 mm, Maxim’s buck converters offer the industry’s smallest solution size, says the company. Their flip-chip quad-flat no-leads (FCQFN) packaging reduces high-frequency switch node ringing and eliminates bond wires to lower MOSFET switch on-resistance and increase efficiency. Maxim provides pin-compatible parts for four, six and eight amps for flexible power regulation. All of the ICs feature spread-spectrum modulation, high switching frequency, forced pulse-width modulation and skip-mode operation for best-in-class performance.

Maxim’s newest automotive PMICs for high-voltage power applications include:

  • MAX20004, MAX20006 and MAX20008 4 A, 6 A and 8 A high-voltage (40 V tolerant) synchronous buck converters with integrated high-side and low-side MOSFETs, offering the industry’s lowest switch resistance of 38 and 18 mΩ, respectively, for high efficiency. Key advantages of these pin-compatible devices include 25 µA quiescent current, operating input voltages from 3.5 V to 36 V and 93 percent peak efficiency. All are available in a compact 3.5 mm x 3.75 mm, 17-pin side-wettable QFN package that reduces high-frequency switch node and improves efficiency.
  • MAX20098 220 kHz to 2.2 MHz synchronous buck controller for applications with mid- to high-power requirements operating with input voltages from 3.5 V to 36 V (42 V tolerant). For efficiency, this device features a quiescent current of 3.5 µA in skip mode at 3.3 V output along with a 1µA typical shutdown current specification. Its 3 mm x 3 mm side-wettable QFN package reduces solution size, and the IC requires few external components, enabling a two-layer PCB design.
  • MAX20034 220 kHz to 2.2 MHz dual synchronous buck controller for high-voltage applications operating with input voltages from 3.5 V to 36 V (42 V tolerant), where one regulator will operate as a fixed 5 V or 3.3 V output and the other output is adjustable between 1V to 10V. Key efficiency advantages include 17 µA quiescent current in skip mode and 6.5µA typical shutdown current. The device is available in a 5 mm x 5 mm side-wettable QFN package, and it provides up to 2.2 MHz switching frequency to enable smaller external components and total solution size.

Maxim Integrated | www.maximintegrated.com


Power Management ICs Reduce Charge Times

Texas Instruments (TI) has introduced several new power management chips that enable designers to boost efficiency and shrink power supply and charger solution sizes for personal electronics and handheld industrial equipment. Operating at up to 1 MHz, TI’s new chipset combines the UCC28780 active clamp flyback controller and the UCC24612 synchronous rectifier controller to help cut the size of power supplies in AC/DC adapters and USB Power Delivery chargers in half. For battery-powered electronics that need maximum charging efficiency in a small solution size, TI also offers the bq25910. It is a 6-A three-level buck battery charger enables up to a 60% smaller-solution footprint in smartphones, tablets and electronic point-of-sale devices.

Designed to work with both gallium nitride (GaN) and silicon (Si) FETs, the UCC28780’s advanced and adaptive features enable the active clamp flyback topology to meet modern efficiency standards. With multimode control that changes the operation based on input and output conditions, pairing the UCC28780 with the UCC24612 can achieve and maintain high efficiency at full and light loads.

The chipset delivers efficient operation at up to 1 MHz, enabling a size reduction of 50% and higher power density than solutions today. Multimode control enables efficiency up to 95 percent at full loads and standby power of less than 40 mW, exceeding Code of Conduct (CoC) Tier 2 and U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) Level VI efficiency standards. For designs above 75 W, engineers can also pair the chipset with a new six-pin power-factor correction (PFC) controller, the UCC28056, which is optimized for light-load efficiency and low standby power consumption to achieve compliance with mandatory International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)-61000-3-2 AC current harmonic limit regulations. Using features such as adaptive zero voltage switching (ZVS) control, engineers can easily design their systems with a combination of resistor settings and controller auto-tuning.

Leveraging an innovative three-level power-conversion technology, the bq25910 enables up to 50 percent faster charging compared to conventional architectures by dramatically reducing thermal loss. With integrated MOFSETs and lossless current sensing, the bq25910 reduces printed circuit board (PCB) space and allows designers to use small 0.33-µH inductors, saving even more space. The bq25910 enables 95 percent charging efficiency, which could take a standard smartphone battery from empty to 70 percent charged in less than 30 minutes. A differential battery-voltage sense line enables fast charging by bypassing parasitic resistance in the PCB for more accurate voltage measurements, even if the battery is placed away from the charger in the system.

Texas Instruments | www.ti.com


Compact Power Management ICs Boast Low Standby Power

Maxim Integrated Products.offers a pair of power management ICs (PMICs) aimed at designers of Bluetooth headphones, activity monitors, smart garments, smartwatches, and other size-constrained devices where battery life and efficiency are priorities.

Maxim 9065

The MAX77650 and MAX77651 feature single inductor multiple output (SIMO) buck-boost regulators that provide three independently programmable power rails from a single inductor, 150mA LDO, and three current sink drivers to reduce overall component count and maximize available board space. For design flexibility, the MAX77650 operates up to 3.3V and the MAX77651 operates up to 5V—both include an analog multiplexer (MUX) output for safe battery monitoring, making them ideal for low-power designs.

Size is critical for hearables and wearables as they continue moving to smaller form factors. Most PMICs for these small, lithium-ion battery-operated devices require additional components, such as boost, buck, and low dropout (LDO) regulators; a charger; and current regulators for LED indicators. For space-savings and efficiency, Maxim has integrated all these functions into a complete power solution that is only 19.2mm2—less than 1/2 the size of existing component combinations.

Key Advantages

  • Lowest Standby Power: 0.3µA; 5.6µA operating current
  • High Efficiency: 3-output SIMO channels plus LDO extend Li+ battery life
  • Small Size: Multi-channel SIMO regulator reduces component count

Availability and Pricing

  • MAX77650/MAX77651 are available from stock and priced at $1.99 (1,000-up, FOB USA)
  • MAX77650EVKIT# and MAX77651EVKIT# are available from stock and priced at $193.63 each

Maxim Integrated Products.| www.maximintegrated.com