After decades of evolving their PCB design tool suites, the leading tool vendors have the basics of PCB design nailed down. In recent years, these companies have continued to enhance their tools suites while also addressing a myriad of issues related to not just the PCB design itself, but the whole process surrounding it.
PCB design tools continue to evolve, as tool vendors scramble to keep pace with faster, highly integrated electronics. Automated, rules-based chip placement is getting more sophisticated and tools are addressing the broader picture of the PCB design process.
Over the last 12 months, PCB tool vendors have packed a smorgasbord of new features and capabilities into their PCB design software packages. The offerings include improved 3D design, design-phase signal integrity checks, advances in multi-board design functions, new design-for-manufacturing (DFM) features and more. Tool vendors are also tightening the links between IC, packaging and PCB design domains.
Exemplifying all those trends, In March, Mentor released the latest version of its Xpedition Enterprise design tool suite. According to Mentor, the VX.2.5 release offers new and improved features and functionality with an emphasis on ease of use and team productivity. The release includes advancements in design complexity management, improved reliability, quality, team collaboration and IP management. This includes new design rule checks (DRCs) for system design and NX 3D model support in EDM.
In Xpedition VX.2.5 new system design rule checks were created to review system integrity. Rule checks include cross-probing from integrity results to the specific item of interest can be enabled, verification that reference designators are unique in a single board and ensuring that the board connectors have been placed inside a board outline (Figure 1). Cable declarations are locked and names forwarded to the cable designer insuring that the required information is ready for “correct by construction” cable design.
Using the generic schematic symbol pin order for connectors doesn’t always achieve the desired results, says Mentor. In VX.2.5, users can now use the library symbol pin order column to easily edit pin numbers and the order. Pin orders can now be easily copied from an Excel spreadsheet and the connectors can be place by the pin numbers alpha-numeric value.
EDM in VX.2.5, along with Siemens NX, breaks down barriers with 3D model management. NX models can now be imported and exported in the EDM library cockpit ensuring tight integration, model integrity and accelerates collaboration. In VX.2.5, EDM Collaborate now enables users to view the net class and net topology information in the properties view. Whether you are viewing the schematic or layout, the information is available in properties and when selecting a net.
Xpedition VX.2.5 also has a new capability called Semi Trunk routing that’s been added to Sketch Planning. This capability allows the user to create a Sketch plan that will only be routed on one end of the plan. By choosing the new command, Route Semi-Trunk, the Sketch plan will be optimized for the end opposite the Route to Dot, and then routed. This can help the user to pre-route interfaces that may still require placement or pin and gate swapping optimization. To complete optimization of an FPGA or ASIC and ensure the placement of the interface is complete, users can easily Reverse the Sketch plan to optimize the other end.
The new Xpedition version adds an advanced graphic orientation triad that enables users to quickly and easily control the 3D view. It also brings improvements to the online 3D DRC enabling users to identify critical interference issues quickly. From the hazard explorer users can select on interference issues and jump to their location to both view and resolve issues in the 3D environment.
Several additional electrical DRC checks are included in the new release. For signal integrity, a new reference rule covers traces vs. specific power nets. There is also a new Min/Max routed comp-to-comp length rule. Additionally, there is a novel Adjacent layer routing parallel coupling check as well as a new trace width check in BGA area vs. pin pad width. For power integrity, there is a new check for stitching via spacing. For ESD, there is a new check to ensure that components are aligned and finally, for Safety, there is a new rule that checks the distance between soldermask/silkscreen and any objects.
In version VX.2.5, the tool now integrates directly with HyperLynx advanced solvers for automatic board parasitic extraction. You can also select nets on the schematics, extract layout parasitic effects of selected nets, insert generated parasitic effects into simulation and evaluate the parasitic effects both with and without parasitics.
MARRYING IC AND PCB DESIGN
One of the strengths of the PCB design tools from Cadence Design Systems is an ability to tie capabilities between the IC, packaging and PCB domains. One example is its Cadence’s OrbitIO interconnect designer (Figure 2). The tool revamps the cross-fabric planning and assessment process by unifying silicon, package and board data in a single canvas environment. This enables engineers to achieve the optimal balance of connectivity for performance, cost and manufacturability prior to implementation. That means fewer iterations and shorter development cycles.
According to Cadence, the combination of growing functional integration at both the die and package level, combined with the latest high-performance interfaces, requires greater planning and coordination across all fabrics to achieve product performance objectives. That leaves little room for inefficient and error-prone methodologies.
The OrbitIO system planner provides an environment capable of uniting design content from various sources for the purpose of planning, then communicating the data back to their respective implementation tools for completion. It enables rapid exploration and evaluation of connectivity scenarios providing immediate feedback on the impact to adjacent devices and fabrics. Planning results and route plans are directly exchanged with package design resources whether it’s an internal group or outsourced assembly and test (OSAT) provider. As part of an overall Cadence co-design solution, OrbitIO interconnect designer can seamlessly exchange silicon, package and PCB data with their corresponding implementation tools.
Another way that Cadence provides solutions between different design domains is with its Sigrity family of signal integrity tools. The 2018 release of Sigrity features an upgraded interconnect modeling technology crafted to address latest trends on PCB and IC package design. With signal speeds climbing to 32 Gbps and faster, the need to strategically model PCBs and connectors as one structure is now required, says Cadence.
The new Cadence Sigrity 3D Workbench, included with the Sigrity PowerSI 3D EM Extraction Option (3DEM), enables system designers to import mechanical structures, such as cables and connectors, and merge them with the PCB so that critical 3D structures that cross from the board to the connector can be modeled and optimized as one structure. Updates to the PCB can be automatically back-annotated to the PCB layout tool.
One the newest additions to the Cadence portfolio is its DesignTrue DFM technology. In September the company launched a broad ecosystem with nine initial PCB manufacturing partners to enable customers to easily get the partners’ technology files they need to ensure PCB design manufacturability early in the design process. The goal is to reduce rework, shorten design cycles and accelerate new product introduction. According to Cadence, design engineer customers have received savings from half to two-thirds fewer technical queries (TQs) from manufacturers when they’ve used the Cadence DesignTrue DFM technology due to using tailor-made spacing, annular ring, copper features and mask rules to assure they are designing the board correctly the first time.
Cadence DesignTrue DFM functionality flags manufacturing rule violations in real time during the PCB layout process with both the Allegro and OrCAD design tools. In contrast, other PCB design tools demand designers wait until the design is complete to do DFM signoff on manufacturing outputs, which often requires significant rework and schedule delays, says Cadence. Nine PCB manufacturers have already become Cadence DesignTrue partners, allowing them to distribute their manufacturing rules to Cadence customers. These include Bay Area Circuits, CircuitHub, Mass Design, Multek, OSH Park, Rocket EMS, Sierra Circuits, Tempo Automation and Würth Elektronik.
Customers can view participating manufacturers and request DesignTrue DFM technology files directly, eliminating the lengthy and error-prone manual entry of hundreds of rules. DFM rules are checked in real time as part of the PCB layout process, reducing the amount of DFM errors found in the manufacturing output. These checks prevent crucial manufacturing errors and limit iterations required to fix such errors.
3D, MULTI-BOARD AND MORE
For its part, Altium typically announces a new version of its Altium Design PCB software once a year. In December, the launch of Altium Designer version 19 introduced a number of new features aimed at enabling a convenient and connected design including multi-board capability, 3D modelling, enhanced HDI, routing automation and more (Figure 3).
The version features an advanced Layer Stack Manager. It lets users easily define stackups and exploit comprehensive editing type functionality from the convenience of their layer stack management tool. Routing improvements in version 19 enable designers to complete and perfect routing in a fraction of the time with new capabilities in ActiveRoute like the Move Component feature, Glossing Pushed Routes and Follow Mode.
A new Properties panel in Altium Designer lets designers edit their Thermal Relief settings for one or multiple vias in a single edit action. And support is provided to allow designers to expertly model microvias and HDI stackups on their boards to accommodate high input/output densities of advanced component packages.
Also provided in Altium Designer 19 is a refined documentation process that lets users utilize new, realistic board region views and create highly customizable fabrication and assembly drawings in Draftsman. A real-time BOM (bill of materials) management capability enables you to generate and build comprehensive BOM reports quickly and accurately with access to the latest supplier information and parts availability in ActiveBOM. And new parts search and components panels provide immediate access to component libraries and parts availability from major providers, with the ability to place components directly from the panel.
The new release improves multi-board modeling and collaboration. It simplifies object mating with a single-point selection for each object with MCAD-like editing functionality, powered by a new 3D engine. Version 19 also lets users actualize layer-less design concepts with the ability to print electronic circuits directly onto a substrate that becomes a part of the product.
FRONT-LOADING DESIGN INTENT
In the 2018 release of Zuken’s system-level PCB design environment, CR-8000 features were added to support the unique requirements of high-density, high-speed, multi-board designs. With support for system-level engineering and 2D/3D multi-board implementation capabilities, the CR-8000 family of applications spans the complete PCB engineering lifecycle: from system level planning through implementation and design for manufacturability. The CR-8000 environment also includes 3D IC packaging and chip/package/board co-design.
Among the enhancements to the latest version of CR-8000 is the front-loading of design intent (Figure 4). This means enabling efficient front-loading of design constraints and specifications to the design creation process, coupled with sophisticated placement and routing capabilities for physical layout. This increases efficiency and ensures quality through streamlined collaboration across the PCB design chain.
Front-loading of design intent from Design Gateway to Design Force has been achieved by adding an enhanced, unified constraint browser for both applications. This enables hardware engineers to assign topology templates, modify differential signals and assign clearance classes to individual signals. Using a rule stack editor during the circuit design phase, hardware engineers can now load design rules that include differential pair routing and routing width stacks directly from the design rule library into their schematic. Here, they can modify and assign selected rules for improved cross talk and differential pair control. Finally, an enhanced component browser enables component variants to be managed in the schematic, and assigned in a user-friendly table.
In Zuken’s CR-8000 2018, manual routing is supported by a new auto complete and route function that layout designers can use to complete manually routed traces in an automated way. Designers also have the option to look for paths on different layers while automatically inserting vias.
A new bus routing function allows layout designers to sketch paths for multiple nets to be routed over dense areas. An added benefit is the routing of individual signals to the correct signal length as per the hardware engineer’s front-loaded constraints, to meet timing skew and budgets. If modifications to fully placed and routed boards are required, an automatic re-route function allows connected component pins to remain connected with a simple reroute operation during the move process. In all operations, clearance and signal length specifications are automatically controlled and adjusted by powerful algorithms.
DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURING
To address manufacturing requirements for high-speed design, CR-8000 2018 enables the automatic stitching of vias in poured conductive areas to be specified in comprehensive detail—for example inside area online, perimeter outline or both inside and perimeter. DFM has been enhanced to include checks for non-conductor items, such as silkscreen and assembly drawing placed reference designators. A design rule check makes sure component reference designators are listed in the same order as the parts for visual inspection accuracy.
Because many product engineers do not work with EDA tools, intelligent PDF documentation is required, especially in 3D. Design Force now supports creation of PRC files commonly used for 3D printing. The PRC files can be opened in PDF authoring applications such as Adobe Acrobat, where they are realized as a 3D PDF file complete with 3D models and bookmarks to browse the design.
There’s no doubt that PCB design tools have advanced way beyond the days when placement and routing were the only duties on their plates. As PCB designs—and the ICs populating them—grow ever more complex, PCB design tool vendors must race to keep up with advanced integrated tool solutions.
PUBLISHED IN CIRCUIT CELLAR MAGAZINE • JUNE 2019 #347 – Get a PDF of the IssueSponsor this Article
Jeff served as Editor-in-Chief for both LinuxGizmos.com and its sister publication, Circuit Cellar magazine 6/2017—3/2022. In nearly three decades of covering the embedded electronics and computing industry, Jeff has also held senior editorial positions at EE Times, Computer Design, Electronic Design, Embedded Systems Development, and COTS Journal. His knowledge spans a broad range of electronics and computing topics, including CPUs, MCUs, memory, storage, graphics, power supplies, software development, and real-time OSes.