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June (issue #407) Circuit Cellar

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4: Experimenting with 1000BASE-T1, By David Smart

RESOURCES
Microchip | www.microchip.com
Molex | www.molex.com
NXP | www.nxp.com
Texas Instruments (TI) | www.ti.com

REFERENCES
[1] [http://eagle.autodesk.com/][2] [https://sourceforge.net/projects/gerbv/][3] [https://www.freecad.org/][4] [https://github.com/marmni/FreeCAD-PCB][5] [https://tortoisegit.org/]

Mentions
Intel | https://www.intel.com
Marvell | https://www.marvell.com
Broadcom | https://www.broadcom.com
NXP | https://www.nxp.com
BMW | https://www.bmw.com
RCA | https://www.rca.com
Intersil (now Renesas) | https://www.renesas.com
Chrysler | https://www.chrysler.com
SAE J1939 | https://www.sae.org/standards/development/ground-vehicle/sae-j1939-standards-collection-on-the-web
ISO 11783 | https://www.iso.org/news/Ref2183.htm


12: No Blues with Bluetooth! Part 2: The Thousand-Foot Picture, By Robert Lacoste

REFERENCES
[1] Wikipedia—List of Bluetooth profiles: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Bluetooth_profiles
[2] Bluetooth specifications: https://www.bluetooth.com/specifications/specs/
[3] “A Comprehensive Guide to Analyzing Bluetooth Low Energy Snoop Dumps on Android via Wireshark”, Shubham Kumar Gupta, Stackademic, Shubham Kumar Gupta
https://blog.stackademic.com/a-comprehensive-guide-to-analyzing-bluetooth-low-energy-snoop-dumps-on-android-via-wiresharkhttps://blog.stackademic.com/a-comprehensive-guide-to-analyzing-bluetooth-low-energy-snoop-dumps-on-android-via-wireshark
[4] “Getting Started with Bluetooth Low Energy”, Kevin Townsend, O’Reilly Media, ISBN 978-1491949511
[5] “Bluetooth Low Energy, The Developer’s Handbook”, Robin Heydon, Pearson, ISBN 978-0132888363

RESOURCES
Bluetooth | www.bluetooth.com


18: Controlling a CNC Machine using an ESP32 and FluidNC, By Brian Millier

RESOURCES
DF Robot | dfrobot.com
Geckodrive | www.geckodrive.com
Espressif Systems | www.espressif.com
Raspberry Pi | www.raspberrypi.com
grblHAL Github site: https://github.com/grbl/grbl
grblHAL Web Builder site: http://svn.io-engineering.com:8080/
FluidNC Github site: https://github.com/bdring/FluidNC
FluidNC Wiki: http://wiki.fluidnc.com/
Geckodrive G540 Stepper motor controller: https://www.geckodrive.com/product/g540-4-axis-digital-step-drive/
ESP32 Datasheet: https://www.espressif.com/sites/default/files/documentation/esp32_datasheet_en.pdf
DF Robot DFR0478 Dev. board: https://www.dfrobot.com/product-1590.html
Raspberry Pi Pico board: https://datasheets.raspberrypi.com/pico/pico-datasheet.pdf

Code and Supporting Files


30: TECHNOLOGY FEATURE: Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in System Design: AI-AI-AI-AI-AI…, By Michael Lynes

RESOURCES
8Base | https://archie.8base.com
Collimator | www.collimator.ai
Galileo AI | www.usegalileo.ai
GEES | https://gees.com
IBM | www.ibm.com
Outsystems | www.outsystems.com
TopAI.Tools | https://topai.tools

REFERENCES
[1] “The Tragic Life of Clippy. . .” – https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/504767/tragic-life-clippy-worlds-most-hated-virtual-assistant
[2] Google SGE: https://blog.google/products/search/generative-ai-search/
[3] SGE is not the Answer: https://getstat.com/blog/sge-is-not-the-answer
[4] End-to-End Learning: https://www.clickworker.com/ai-glossary/end-to-end-learning/
[5] Convolutional Neural Networks: https://www.mathworks.com/discovery/convolutional-neural-network.html
[6] “I, Robot”, Azimov, Isaac, A: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I,_Robot
[7] University of Miami – Novel Solutions using AI: https://news.miami.edu/stories/2024/04/researchers-explore-power-of-ai-to-craft-novel-solutions.html
[8] Harvard Business Review: How Generative AI Can Augment Human Creativity – https://hbr.org/2023/07/how-generative-ai-can-augment-human-creativity
[9] Top AI System Design Tools: https://topai.tools/s/AI-system-design-tool
[10] Outsystems AI App Development: https://www.outsystems.com/ai
[11] Gees: https://gees.com/
[12] IBM: Watsonx.ai – https://www.ibm.com/products/watsonx-ai
[13] Google Cloud: AI and Machine Learning – https://cloud.google.com/products/ai
Vertex AI Platform: https://cloud.google.com/vertex-ai
AutoML: https://cloud.google.com/automl
Gemini Code Assist: https://cloud.google.com/products/gemini/code-assist
[14] 8Base – Archie AI: https://archie.8base.com/
[15] Collimator: System Design software for Engineers – https://www.collimator.ai/solutions/system-design-software
[16] Galileo AI – UI Design: https://www.usegalileo.ai


36: DATASHEET: AC-DC Power Supplies: You’ll Be Thunderstruck, By Sam Wallace

DATASHEETS
Advanced Energy ARTESYN CONFIGURABLE NeoPower: https://www.advancedenergy.com/getmedia/b58edfa3-e459-4dc5-b3d8-714dcfe8b498/ENG-NP-235-01-11-08-23.pdf
Aimtec AMESP1000-MNZ: https://aimtec.com/site/Aimtec/files/Datasheet/HighResolution/amesp1000-mnz.pdf
CUI INC VGS-500: https://www.cui.com/product/resource/vgs-500.pdf
MEAN WELL LOP-400-36: https://www.newark.com/mean-well/lop-400-48/power-supply-ac-dc-48v-8-4a-rohs/dp/89AK3277?st=lop-400
RECOM RACM16E-K/277: https://g.recomcdn.com/media/Datasheet/pdf/.fY8xPs7Y/.tb44fbef6547792108929/Datasheet-707/RACM16E-K_277.pdf
TAMURA RPM3622SJ: https://www.mouser.com/datasheet/2/397/RPM3622SJ_E-3372068.pdf
TDK-Lambda  https://product.tdk.com/system/files/dam/doc/product/power/switching-power/ac-dc-converter/catalog/cus800-1000m_e.pdf
TRACO POWER TMPW 50 Series, 50 Watt: https://www.tracopower.com/sites/default/files/products/datasheets/tmpw50_datasheet.pdf
XP Power EHL05: https://www.xppower.com/portals/0/pdfs/SF_EHL05.pdf


40: START TO FINISH: Barometric Pressure Sensors: Measuring Pressure in Embedded Systems, By Stuart Ball

RESOURCES
Infenion | www.infineon.com
Texas Instruments | www.ti.com
TI TM4C1233H6PM microcontroller: product page: https://www.ti.com/product/TM4C1233H6PM

REFERENCES
[1]  Circuit Cellar, Dec. 2023 issue #401
[2] Circuit Cellar, April 2022, #393
[3] Infineon KP236 datasheet: https://www.infineon.com/dgdl/Infineon-KP236-DS-v01_00-en

Code and Supporting Files


46: EMBEDDED IN THIN SLICES: React Native Ecosystems, By Bob Japenga

REFERENCES
[1] Wikipedia has a good article on Brief. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brief_(text_editor)
[2] By ecosystem, I am referring to the array of organizations all working towards the same goal of supporting a particular platform.
[3] Android Studio IDE can be found here: https://developer.android.com/
[4] Apple’s Xcode is the IDE for iOS apps: https://developer.apple.com/documentation/xcode
[5] Project IDX is a cloud based ecosystem for developing apps for Android and iOS. It is currently only in public review. But when released may eliminate most of the problems I have with iOS app development. https://developers.google.com/idx
[6] Expo can be used to develop iOS and Android apps from cross platform environments. https://expo.dev/
[7] https://docs.expo.dev/get-started/installation/ Very clear instructions for getting started
[8] https://git-scm.com/
[9] https://nodejs.org/en/

RESOURCES
Dart | dart.dev
Expo | expo.dev
Flutter | flutter.dev
React | react.dev
React Native | reactnative.dev


51: FROM THE BENCH: Cookie Cutter Sensors: Ganging Up on ‘Em, By Jeff Bachiochi

RESOURCES
Heltec Automation | www.heltec.org
MQTT | www.mqtt.org
Node-Red | www.nodered.org

REFERENCES
[1] – www.heltec.org/project/wifi-kit32-v3/ – WiFi Kit 32 is based on ESP32 (including WiFi and BLE), with a Li-Po battery management system, and a 0.96” OLED.
[2] – www.mqtt.org – MQTT is a lightweight publish/subscribe messaging transport that is ideal for connecting remote devices with a small code footprint and minimal network bandwidth.
[3] – www.mosquitto.org – An open source MQTT broker
[4] – www.nodered.org – Node-RED is a programming tool for wiring together hardware devices, APIs and online services in new and interesting ways.

Code and Supporting Files


63: TECH THE FUTURE: The Future of AI Efficiency: Evolutions and AI Solutions, By J.M. Awrach

REFERENCES
[1] An AI-controlled fighter jet took the Air Force leader for a historic ride. What that means for war, Tara Copp, May 3, 2024
https://apnews.com/article/artificial-intelligence-fighter-jets-air-force-6a1100c96a73ca9b7f41cbd6a2753fda
[2] wikipedia, Artificial general intelligence
[3] https://embeddedcomputing.com/technology/iot/edge-computing/edge-ai-is-overtaking-cloud-computing-for-deep-learning-applications
[4] https://www.aiacceleratorinstitute.com/top-20-chips-choice/
Marisa Garanhel, Top 20 artificial intelligence chips of choice, Artificial Intelligence, March 28, 2024

RESOURCES
SeaFire Micros | www.seafire.com

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June (issue #407) Circuit Cellar

by Circuit Cellar Staff time to read: 5 min