Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 287)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s April electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.287 crossword (key)


1. BEAMFORMING—Signal processing technique

7. HETERODYNERECEIVER—Converts a signal to an intermediate frequency [two words]

8. AMIGA—A high-resolution PC based on Motorola’s 6800 microprocessor family

9. NAGLING—Creates “Russian doll”-type packets to improve a TCP/IP network’s performance

10. SERVERBLADE—A thin circuit board designed for one specific application [two words]

15. FUZZING—Tests for coding and security errors

17. PHASECHANGE—Nonvolatile RAM [two words]

18. WALLEDGARDEN—Restricts access to Web content and services [two words]

19. SERIALBACKPACK—A PCB interface that goes between a parallel LCD and a microcontroller [two words]

20. SLACKWARE—Open-source, Linux-based OS


2. ROOTMEANSQUARE—Determines an AC wave’s voltage [three words]

3. ROENTGEN—IBM’s active matrix LCD

4. KERNELPANIC—Happens when a fatal error is detected [two words]

5. BIPHASEENCODING—Requires a state transition at the end of every data bit [two words]

6. PERMITTIVITY—Ability to be polarized

11. VOODOO—Helps create realistic 3-D graphics

12. FLANGING—An audio process that combines signals to create a comb filter effect

13. BREADBOARDING—Used for circuit design experimentation

14. STATOHM—Five of these equal approximately 4.5 × 1012

16. TELEDACTYL—Utilizes human speech to code


Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 286)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s April electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.



2. SAMBA—This networking protocol enables you to write to an embedded file system from a Windows PC

7. ELECTROMAGNETICFIELD—Used for data transfer [two words]

8. CAPACITOR—These types of microphones were commonly called “condensers” until about 1970

9. HOMODYNE—A receiver with direct amplification

13. BLENDER—Contains several modeling features and an integrated game engine

15. PULSESHAPING—Used to improve wired or wireless communication link performance [two words]

17. BRILLOUINSCATTERING—Occurs when certain types of light change their frequency and route [two words]

18. CLOCKSIGNAL—Used to coordinate circuits’ actions [two words]

19. RASPBERRYPI—Designed to encourage scholastic computer science lessons [two words]


1. NONRETURNTOZERO—Typically 1s are a positive voltage and 0s are a negative voltage [four words]

3. BITARRAY—Provides compact storage for computing and digital communications [two words]

4. DOUBLEDATARATE—Coordinates the rising and falling edges of an [18 Across] to transfer data [three words]

5. ANECHOIC—Absent of sound

6. FIRSTINFIRSTOUT—Oldest requests receive priority [four words]


11. CROSSTALK—Occurs when accidental coupling causes unwanted signals

12. BINISTOR—An electronic oscillator component

14. NANCY—Receiver that intercepts or demodulates IR radiation

16. BEAGLEA good breed of analyzer for I2C and SPI designs


Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 285)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s April electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.


2.    STOKESSHIFT—Can reduce photon energy [two words]
8.    HYSTERESISLOOP—Its area measures the energy dispersed during a magnetization cycle [two words]
11.    NANDGATE—A shoe in when playing “true or false?” [two words]
13.    YOCTOPROJECT—An open-source alliance designed to help Linux aficionados [two words]
15.    RANKINE—°R
17.    INTERNALNET—A network that resides in and around you
18.    SEQUENTIALCIRCUIT—Dependent on past input [two words]
19.    NANOHENRY—Its abbreviation is the same as the state bordered by Massachusetts, Maine, and Vermont
20.    BINARYCODEDDECIMAL—Makes good use of a 4- or 8-bit nibble [three words]


1.    BIREFRINGENCE—Divides light into ordinary and extraordinary rays
3.    SQUIRREL—An object-oriented programming language
4.    SMARTMETER—Records and shares energy usage information [two words]
5.    MESHANALYSIS—A circuit evaluation method [two words]
6.    LYOTFILTER—Uses [1. Down] to produce a narrow frequency range of wavelengths [two words]
7.    LINEARREGULATOR—Keeps things steady [two words]
9.    BRAGGDIFFRACTION—Occurs when electromagnetic radiation disperses [two words]
10.    AUTODYNE—An amplifying vacuum tube-based circuit
12.    FEMTOWATT—10–15 W
14.    UNIJUCTION—Can be used to measure magnetic flux
16.    PEAKER—Increases gain at higher frequencies

Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 284)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s March electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.



1.    CROSSEDFIELDAMPLIFIER—This vacuum tube is capable of high output power [three words]
3.    HYPERVISOR—Produces and runs virtual machines
5.    DYNATRON—Uses negative resistance to keep a tuned circuit oscillating
8.    ULTRAVIOLETLIGHT—Gives some substances “a healthy glow” [two words]
13.    ZEROMOMENTPOINT—A moment of respite for robots [three words]
14.    THERMOSONIC—Connects to silicon ICs
17.    CATSWHISKER—An outdated electronic component mainly used in antique radios [two words]
18.    FLEMINGVALVE—Invented in the early 1900s, this was known as the first vacuum tube [two words]
19.    BACKBONE—Makes LANs connect


2.    DEMODULATOR—Recovers information from a regulated waveform
4.    SQUEGGING—This type of circuit oscillates erratically
5.    DOWNMIXING—Audio manipulation process
6.    REYNOLDSNUMBER—Used for flow pattern predictions [two words]
7.    LATENCY—Used with bandwidth to ascertain network connection speed
9.    THICKFILM—This type of chip resistor is commonly used in electronic and electrical devices [two words]
10.    DYNAMIC—Its memory is volatile
11.    CRYOTRON—Operates via superconductivity
12.    NETMASK—Creates neighborhoods of IP addresses
15.    HOROLOGY—E.g., clepsydras, chronometers, and sundials
16.    SEEBECK—An effect that creates electricity



Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 283)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s February electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.



2. LITZWIRE—Separately insulated strands woven together [two words]
4. LINKFIELD—First in a message buffer’s line [two words]
6. PETAFLOPS—Measures a processor’s floating point unit performance
8. ANION—negatively charged atom
9. LISP—Used to manipulate mathematical logic
11. STATCOULOMB—i.e., franklin (Fr)
12. AMBISONICS—Typically requires a soundfield microphone
15. BROUTER—This device can send data between networks and it can forward data to individual systems in a network
16. TRINITRON—This CRT technology was originally introduced the 1960s
17. OXIDE—The “O” in CMOS
18. DETENT—Used to prevent or stop something from spinning


3. RADECHON—A barrier-grid storage tube
5. COLPITTS—This oscillator uses two-terminal electrical components to create a specific oscillation frequency
7. BEAGLEBOARD—TI’s open-source SBC
10. PICONET—A network that is created using a wireless Bluetooth connection
13. BETATRON—Designed to accelerate electrons
14. TEBIBYTE—More than 1,000,000,000,000 bytes

Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 282)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s January electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.



4.    VENNDIAGRAM—Represents many relation possibilities [two words]
5.    PERSISTRON—Produces a persistent display
9.    CODOMAIN—A set that includes attainable values
12.    HOMOPOLAR—Electrically symmetrical
13.    TRUTHTABLE—Determines a complicated statement’s validity [two words]
17.    POWERCAPPING—Controls either the instant or the average power consumption [two words]
18.    MAGNETRON—The first form, invented in 1920, was a split-anode type
20.    TURINGCOMPLETE—The Z3 functional program-controlled computer, for example [two words]


1.    CHAOSCOMPUTERCLUB—Well-known European hacker association [three words]
2.    LOGICLEVEL—When binary, it is high and low [two words]
3.    LINEARINTERPOLATION—A simple, but inaccurate, way to convert A/D values into engineering units [two words]
6.    SYNCHRONOUSCIRCUIT—A clock signal ensures this device’s parts are in parallel [two words]
7.    BOARDBRINGUP—Design validation process [three words]
8.    HORNERSRULE—An algorithm for any polynomial order [two words]
10.    MEALY—This machine’s current state and inputs dictate its output values
11.    SQUAREWAVE—It is produced by a binary logic device [two words]
14.    THEREMIN—Its electronic signals can be amplified and sent to a loudspeaker
15.    ABAMPERE—10 A
16.    SCOPEPROBE—Connects test equipment to a DUT [two words]


Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 281)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s December electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.



4. VENNDIAGRAM—Represents many relation possibilities [two words]
5. PERSISTRON—Produces a persistent display
9. CODOMAIN—A set that includes attainable values
12. HOMOPOLAR—Electrically symmetrical
13. TRUTHTABLE—Determines a complicated statement’s validity [two words]
17. POWERCAPPING—Controls either the instant or the average power consumption [two words]
18. MAGNETRON—The first form, invented in 1920, was a split-anode type
20. TURINGCOMPLETE—The Z3 functional program-controlled computer, for example [two words]


1. CHAOSCOMPUTERCLUB—Well-known European hacker association [three words]
2. LOGICLEVEL—When binary, it is high and low [two words]
3. LINEARINTERPOLATION—A simple, but inaccurate, way to convert A/D values into engineering units [two words]
6. SYNCHRONOUSCIRCUIT—A clock signal ensures this device’s parts are in parallel [two words]
7. BOARDBRINGUP—Design validation process [three words]
8. HORNERSRULE—An algorithm for any polynomial order [two words]
10. MEALY—This machine’s current state and inputs dictate its output values
11. SQUAREWAVE—It is produced by a binary logic device [two words]
14. THEREMIN—Its electronic signals can be amplified and sent to a loudspeaker
16. SCOPEPROBE—Connects test equipment to a DUT [two words]

Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 280)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s November electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.



2.    DOPPLERLIMIT—Temperature restrictions for laser cooling techniques [two words]
4.    PINKNOISE—This signal sees the world through rose-colored glasses [two words]
5.    BOLTZMANNCONSTANT—k or kB [two words]
7.    XORGATE—A half adder is made of an AND gate and one of these [two words]
14.    NEPER—Symbolized by “Np”
15.    GOTOPAIR—Two tunnel diodes used in high-speed gate circuits [two words]
17.    YAGI—Unidirectional antenna
18.    PHOSPHOR—Used as a light source in a cathode ray tube
19.    KERREFFECT—All materials show this, but certain liquids display it more strongly than others [two words]


1.    WEINBRIDGEOSCILLATOR—This type generates sine waves [three words]
3.    INTEGRATEDINJECTIONLOGIC—These digital circuits are built with several collector BJTs [three words]
6.    CARBONNANOTUBES—Their electronic properties can be metallic or semiconducting [two words]
8.    GILBERTCIRCUIT—Uses diodes and transistors’ logarithmic properties to compensates for nonlinearities and instabilities [two words]
9.    ADDRESSINGMODE—Can be implied by the instruction’s function [two words]
10.    SINADRATIO—Used to measure a signal’s standards
11.    FLATPACK—Semiconductor network sealed in a thin rectangular package
12.    SPEECHCLIPPING—Process that limits peak signals [two words]
13.    COMPANDOR—Condenses or enlarges an electric signal’s dynamic range
15.    GLASS—Device under development by search engine giant
16.    LILLIPUTIAN—A very small robot


Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 279)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s October electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.



1.    ERASABLE—The second “E” in EEPROM
4.    NYCRESISTOR—Brooklyn, NY-based open-community workspace [two words]
5.    WHITEHAT—A hacker with ethics may don one of these [two words]
6.    WIMAX—aka, IEEE 802.16
8.    STRUCTUREDQUERY—A type of data-management language [two words]
9.    PACKETSWITCHING—Data grouping method [two words]
11.    VOLTOHMMETER—Capable of measuring  voltage, current, and resistance [three words]
12.    ELUA—It’s free, open source, and embedded
13.    BUCK—A switched-mode power supply converter
14.    GOODPUT—This can be calculated by dividing a transmitted file’s size by the amount of time it takes to transfer the file
16.    GRAYCODE—One bit makes a difference [two words]
17.    UBUNTU—Linux-based OS
18.    WEARLEVELING—When applied to a flash memory, this technique can level out the amount of writes to any given memory block across the entire memory chip [two words]
19.    MOODLE—E-learning software developed by Australian computer scientist Martin Dougiamas
20.    CROSSEDFIELD—This type of microwave amplifier can also be used as an oscillator [two words]


2.    LONGTERMEVOLUTION—Wireless communication standard [three words]
3.    CHEMILUMINESCENCE—A chemical reaction that creates a light emission
7.    BAXANDALL—A negative-feedback circuit used in high-quality audio amplifiers
15.    PAUSEUS—BASIC command that creates a microsecond-based delay


Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 278)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s September electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.


4.    ADIABATIC—Heat is neither gained nor lost
5.    DISCRETECIRCUIT—Made of resistors and transistors; not integrated [two words]
8.    FULLDUPLEX—Two-way communication [two words]
10.    KERMIT—Muppet-inspired protocol
12.    DEBIAN—Unix-like OS
14.    CHIRP—Conveys information
16.    FORTRAN—Others like it include BASIC and Pascal
18.    NANOKERNEL—Contains a minute amount of code capable of executing in the hardware’s privileged mode
19.    RHEOSTAT—Current regulator


1.    BIPOLARJUNCTION—There are two types: NPN and PNP [two words]
2.    ECBBUS—1970s communication system for Zilog and Intel microprocessors [two words]
3.    VISUALSERVOING—Used to control a robot’s motions [two words]
4.    ATTOSECOND—10-18 of a second
6.    NICKELCADMIUM—This small, light, high-power type is commonly used in hand-held devices [two words]
7.    DEFCON—Place where hackers annually assemble
9.    PIGGYBACKING—Bi-directional data transmission
11.    GRASSHOPPER—Programming language for rhinos
13.    FLOSSMANUALS—Netherlands-based foundation that provides information about and access to free software [two words]
15.    RASPBERRYPI—An inexpensive SBC [two words]
17.    LIDAR—Laser-based measurement technique


Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 277)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s August electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.


6.    ALGORITHM—Search engines use them to produce real-time results
9.    LOSSYCOMPRESSION—Condenses data by getting rid of some of it [two words]
11.    YOTTABYTE—Approximately 1,024 bytes
14.    PETAFLOP—Measures an FPU’s performance
15.    JQUERY—JavaScript library popularity contest winner
17.    THICKCLIENT—Able to function without a central server [two words]
18.    NYBBLE—4 bits
19.    DEGAUSSING—Gets rid of magnetism
20.    SPINTRONICS—aka, magnetoelectronics


1.    YANG—Co-founded a multinational Internet company in 1994
2.    MICROSOFT—Originally created and sold BASIC computer programs for the Altair 8800 microcomputer
3.    CHARACTERLARGEOBJECT—Used to store large amounts of text [three words]
4.    ACGENERATOR—Changes mechanical energy into electrical energy [two words]
5.    DROPPER—Installs malicious code onto computers
7.    TRINITRON—Sony Corp.’s CRT technology
8.    BEAMWIDTH—Commonly specified at –6 dB, –10 dB, and –20 dB
10.    OVERCLOCKING—Makes the time go by more quickly
12.    FERROMAGNETIC—e.g., iron, cobalt, and nickel
13.    BAUDOTCODE—An early digital communication method [two words]
16.    AUTODYNE—Invented in 1914 by electrical engineer Edwin Armstrong, who is also credited with creating FM radio transmission


Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 276)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s July electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.

3.    CRAY—Seattle, WA-based supercomputer company founded in the 1970s
5.    SUPERSTATE—A subprogram common to several states [two words]
7.    ONESCOMPLIANT—Inverted bits’ value [two words]
11.    BACKPLANE—Lacks processing and storage
13.    FALSECLOCK—Locks on an incorrect frequency [two words]
15.    TERNARY—This signal is capable of taking on one of three conditions
16.    BLUMLEIN—Known for advancements in telecommunications and radar
17.    JABBER—XML messaging protocol (hint: prior to 2000)
18.    DIRECTCURRENT—Zero frequency [two words]
20.    SERIALTRANSFER—Moves data bit by bit [two words]

1.    LYAPUNOV—Theory applies input-to-state (ISS) to systems with inputs
2.    LOWFREQUENCYOSCILLATOR—Produces a frequency below approximately 20 Hz [three words]
4.    HASHING—Security method
6.    SIGNIFICAND—aka, mantissa
8.    THYRISTOR—They have a four-layer N- and P-type construction
9.    HALFADDER—Combines two single binary digits [two words]
10.    DARKTRACE—A type of direct-view bistable storage tube [two words]
12.    FARADAYCAGE—Electric field-buffer [two words]
14.    SYMMETRIC—Uses the same key to code and decode
19.    KAHAN—Helped create the IEEE 754 floating-point computation specification

Electrical Engineer Crossword (Issue 275)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s June electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.


2.    UNIFIEDMODELING—Language that standardizes software specifications
3.    KELVINBRIDGE—Compares low resistance values [two words]
6.    THINCLIENT—A codependent program [two words]
10.    BANANAPLUG—Makes electrical connections [two words]
11.    CONDENSER—aka capacitor
13.    ASTABLE—A multivibrator circuit
15.    FLIPFLOP—A fundamental building block [two words]
18.    AMMETER—Used to calibrate current
19.    CLOCKGATING—Method of lowering dynamic power dissipation [two words]
20.    THERMIONICVALVE—Uses a vacuum to control electric current [two words]


1.    VISITORPATTERN—Keeps an algorithm away from an object structure
4.    RUNTIME—Multi-lingual computer system
5.    FIELDEFFECT—This type is unipolar [two words]
7.    LISSAJOUSCURVE—An oscilloscope trace [two words]
8.    NONMASKABLE—Cannot be ignored
9.    CASCODECIRCUIT—Provides amplification [two words]
12.    CRON—Keeps things on schedule
14.    ROENTGEN—Radiation measurement
16.    RETFIE—Instruction that enables new interrupts to occur
17.    SELSYN—aka mag-slip

Electrical Engineer Crossword (Issue 274)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s May electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.Across

1.            MOSIPROTOCOL—Adds a state indicating ownership [two words]

3.            SPECTROMETER—Measures wavelengths

8.            SHELL—Protects an operating system’s kernel

10.          CHARGE—Q

12.          ASSIGN—A FORTRAN control statement

13.          HALL—American physicist (1855–1938) who had an “effect” [two words]

15.          FIELDPROGRAMMABLE—Configurable after purchase [two words]

17.          MOUNTPOINT—In a Linux system, create this first to access the queue [two words]

19.          CORDIC—Calculate digit by digit

20.          MEISSNEREFFECT—Flux jumping [two words]



2.            INTERPROCESSCOMMUNICATION—Data exchanging method [two words]

4.            SQUIRRELCAGE—Commonly used in asynchronous motors [two words]

5.            DEGLITCHER—Type of delay circuit, serves as a pulse generator

6.            MERCURYARC—Emits  bright bluish-green light [two words]

7.            BALLGRIDARRAY—Packages ICs [three words]

9.            THREADEDCODE—A compiler technique [two words]

11.          DARAF—Unit of elastance

14.          AMPEREHOUR—3,600 coulombs [two words]

16.          RIPPLE—Unwanted undulation

18.          NIXIE—Used for numeric display


Electrical Engineer Crossword (Issue 273)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s April electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.


1.         BITDENSITY—Bits per inch of magnetic tape, for example [two words]

3.         KALMANFILTER—aka LQE [two words]

5.         EMBEDDEDSECURITY—Circuit Cellar columnist Patrick Schaumont covers this topic with articles about authentication, encryption, and electronic signatures [two words]

7.         HAMMING—Error-correcting code

8.         SPURIOUS—Unintentional

11.       LAND—Electronics and Computer Engineering professor at Cornell University and Circuit Cellar frequent contributor (many of his students contribute to Circuit Cellar as well)

13.       CLAPP—American inventor who developed an oscillator frequency standard

14.       ELECTRODE—Able to interact with nonmetallic circuit parts

16.       RINGOSCILLATOR—A feedback structure with an odd number of digital inverters [two words]

17.       PLESIOCHRONOUS—A system that’s not quite in synch

18.       OSCILLOGRAPH—Takes electric current measurements

19.       REFLECTEDBINARYCODE—Created by Bell Labs physicist and researcher Frank Gray [three words]



2.         DEADBAND—Potentiometer’s part shortened by a tap [two words]

4.         BECHTOLSHEIM—Electronics engineer and co-founder of the company that created Java

6.         CHIPBIOMETRICS—Digital fingerprints [two words]

9.         INCANDESCENT—Illuminating

10.       ALOHANET—Computer networking system from the 1970s

12.       EEVBLOG—Where to find electronics engineer David L. Jones’s off-the-cuff online videos

15.       EULERMETHOD—Solves equations [two words]

17.       POPOV—Helped make electromagnetic radio waves more useful