About C. J. Abate

C. J. Abate is Circuit Cellar's Editor in Chief. You can reach him at cabate@circuitcellar.com and @editor_cc.

APEI Builds First Multiphysics Simulation App with the Application Builder

Application Builder was released in October 2014 and is now available with COMSOL Multiphysics software version 5.0. The Application Builder allows COMSOL software users to build an intuitive interface to run any COMSOL model. COMSOL Multiphysics users are already building applications and exploring the benefits of sharing their models with colleagues and customers worldwide.

Image made using COMSOL Multiphysics and is provided courtesy of COMSOL

Image made using COMSOL Multiphysics and is provided courtesy of COMSOL

One such company is Arkansas Power Electronics Intl. (APEI), a manufacturer of high-power density and high performance power electronics products. APEI has found that the Application Builder can provide enormous benefits throughout the organization.

“I’m building applications to help us expedite our design processes,” says Brice McPherson, a Senior Staff Engineer at APEI. “Our engineers often spend time running analyses for the sales or manufacturing departments to find model results based on diverse conditions and requirements. The Application Builder will be hugely important for accelerating our work in this respect; any colleague outside of the engineering team will now be able to confidently run these studies by themselves, with no learning curve.”

The first application built by APEI looks at fusing current and ampacity of wire bonds—very small wires used to interconnect semiconductor devices with their packages.

The team at APEI envisions using the Application Builder for a variety of other projects, including applications to automate and streamline the calculation of wire bond inductance, package thermal performance, and more.

Source: COMSOL

Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 291)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s October electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.291crossword (key)


4.     PARAMETRON—Phase-locked oscillator

8.     UNBALANCED—Single-ended

9.     STRAY—Unwanted capacitance

10.   LEYDENJAR—Early capacitor [two words]

12.   ELECTROLYTE—Conducting fluid

14.   CROSSTALK—Caused when one circuit’s signal creates an unwanted effect on another

16.   ANECHOIC—Absorbs sound or electromagnetic wave reflections

17.   BIFILAR—Used in bipolar power-supply transformers to improve output voltage symmetry

18.   CRYSTALRECTIFIER—Semiconductor diode [two words]

19.   DOPPLEREFFECT—Frequency change that occurs when emitter and receiver move in unison [two words]


1.     BLEEDER—A resistor that draws the critical amount of load current

2.     GAUSSMETER—Detects magnetic anomalies

3.     HETERODYNE—Two frequencies combine to produce new ones

5.     SURFACEMOUNT—Place components directly on PCBs [two words]

6.     HASH—Garbage or gibberish

7.     GALVANOMETER—Measures small voltages

11.   RECTIFIER—Passes current in only one direction

13.   CATWHISKER—Sharp, flexible wire that connects to a semiconductor crystal’s surface [two words]

15.   ANOTRON—Cold-cathode-glow discharge diode


Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 290)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s September electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.CrosswordEmptyGrid (key)


2.     THREE—Trivalent valence

3.     PHYSICS—Kilby’s Noble Prize in 2000

5.     INVERTER—Converts DC to AC

8.     BATCH—BAT file

9.     MAXIM—Founded ARRL in 1914

10.   KEYBOARD—If you are AFK, what are you away from?

11.   UPENN—University that housed the ENIAC in a 30’ × 40’ room

12.   HERTZ—1 cycle per second

14.   NIBBLE—4 bits

17.   EXPLAINER—Asimov was the great what?


1.     TRACK—PCB path

3.     PATCH—Quick fix

4.     SNIFFER—Used to monitor network traffic

6.     MAXWELL—A Gauss is one of these per square centimeter

7.     IBM—”Big Blue”

8.     BOOLE—“An Investigation of the Laws of Thought” (1854)

13.   TOGGLE—Move from setting A to B

15.   BLUE—Screen of death

16.   NINE—A nonet is a group of what?

17.   EW—Exawatt

Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 289)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s August electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.289PuzzleGrid (key)


1.     FAST—Ethernet at 100 Mbps

3.     FAB—IC factory

6.     XOR—Logic gate

7.     VERILOG—HDL created in the early 1980s by Goel and Moorby

9.     MIL—0.001 inches = 25.4 what?

10.   AMPHOUR—Current flow over time [two words]

13.   SANTOS—Greek national soccer team manager with a degree in electrical engineering

14.   NOLEAD—Quad, flat, … [two words]

16.   BUCK—Step-down

17.   FEMTO—0.000000000000001

18.   GND—Ground pin

19.   NULL—Zero


2.     SLICE—Wafer or substrate

3.     FILO—Antonym for FIFO

4.     QUINARY—Base-5

5.     CODERDECODER—CODEC [two words]

7.     VERSORIUM—Gilbert’s static-detection device

8.     DISSIPATION—Release heat

11.   HAPTIC—Relates to touch

12.   JOULE—1 watt second

15.   DOPING—Process of purposely adding impurities

Electrical Engineering Crossword (Issue 288)

The answers to Circuit Cellar’s July electronics engineering crossword puzzle are now available.288Crossword (key)


2.     QUIESCE—Inactive but still available

4.     GLUELOGIC—Used for circuitry interfacing [two words]

7.     AMAYA—Open-source web tool developed by members of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

8.     ROUNDROBIN—A continuous sequence [two words]

9.     FATCLIENT—A tower PC, for example [two words]

11.   LOGICBOMB—Explosive code [two words]

15.   HEISENBUG—A software glitch that changes its conduct when analyzed

16.   STROBOSCOPE—Makes things appear to move slowly or not at all

17.   STATAMPERE—Approximately 0.333 nanoampere

18.   KORNSHELL—Unix command-line interpreter developed by and named after a Bell Labs employee [two words]

19.   VOXEL—Defines a point in 3-D


1.     BEAMFORMING—Signal processing for sensor arrays

3.     SPIBUS—Works in double-duplex mode [two words]

4.     GREP—UNIX-based command-line utility

5.     SUPERHETERODYNE—Used to convert to intermediate frequencies

6.     ENDIAN—Creates data words

10.   PHOTOVOLTAICS—Uses solar power to create energy

12.   BITTORRENT—File sharing protocol

13.   BINARYPREFIX—E.g., gibi [two words]

14.   AUSTRUMI—Linux distribution based on Slackware